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怎么写从句,如何写定语从句

范文专员2022-04-08 09:38:06分享已为409人解决问题

1.如何写定语从句

举个例子:

以定语从句的形式合并这两句The factory lies in the west of the city. His father has ever worked there.

定语从句,就是两句话合成一句话。第一句话中有个the factory,第二句话中有there 但这个there 所指的就是the factory.照答案的意思就是将句子改成意思为“这个我爸爸曾工作过的工厂坐落在城市的西边”,所以可以定下先行词,就是the factory。在此,我想说一句在难度不大的句子中,必须先找到先行词,一般来说,先行词比较好找,你可以翻译两句话的意思,再考虑这两句话的相同处。把你的句子作为例句吧。第一句:这个工厂坐落在城市的西边。第二句,我爸爸曾在这里(这个工厂)工作。两句话的相同处为工厂,那么可以确定先行词为the factory.。(也可以找两句话中相同的词,不过不太实用,像对于你的这个例子就不实用)那么第一句话不变,我们把第二句话话原是先行词(The factory)的部分去掉(就是把第二句的there去掉),然后,把修改过的第二句话移到第一句话的先行词后,并在第一句话的先行词后加上一个合适的关系代词(如that which where who why 等),那么就是【先行词+ 关系代词+定语从句(也就是修改后的第二句话)】当然,修改后的第二句话之后还要跟上第一句话的剩海锭奋瓜莪盖烽睡甫精下部分,这样一个基本的定语从句就完成了。

1.如何写定语从句

接下来是关于选择合适的关系代词的问题。我们要考虑先行词在定语从句中的成分。在例句中,也就是找出the factory 在第二句话中所做的成分。因为有there ,这很好判断,就是地点状语,所以,关系代词只能用where。这样就可以确定关系代词了。

当先行词在定语从句中充当地点状语,那么关系代词是用where

若为时间状语,用when;原因状语,用why;

当先行词是人且先行词在定语从句中做主语,关系代词可用who that

当先行词是人且在定语从句中做宾语,关系代词:who that whom或省略不用

还有情况,就是关系代词只能用that 、which 、whom 、who、why、when、where的情况,因为太长,而且,我想你还没遇到,等遇到了,有问题,我再告诉你。我很乐意帮助你。

2.英语从句怎么写

从句是指用于复合句中担当某个句子成分的主谓结构。

虽说从句自身的句子结构是完整的, 但是它不能视为独立的句子,因为它离开了主语就无法独立、完整地表达意思。按其所能表达的意义而言,它相当于一个词或是一个词组.例如: 1) Because they talk at home while the television is on , many people think they can talk at movies as well . (状语从句)许多人在家里是边看电视边谈话,所以他们认为在电影院也可以如此。

2) Whether he comes or not doesn't make any difference to me . (主语从句) 他来与不来对我都一样。 3)There is disagreement among economists about what money is and how money is measured(宾语从句)什么是货币以及怎样计量货币经济学家之间存有分歧。

4) China is not what it used to be . (表语从句)中国不是它过去的样子了。 5) Is there any proof that the food of plant differs from that of animals ? (同位语从句)有没有什么证据说明植物性食品不同于动物性食品? 6) Taxes consist of money that people pay to support their government . (定语从句) 税款是人们支持政府而交的钱。

如果将上面的复合句中所有的从句都独立出来,那将是这样的: 1) Because they talk at home while the television is on 2) Whether he comes or not 3) what money is and how money is measured 4) what it used to be 5) that the food of plant differs from that of animals 6) that people pay to support their government 我们很容易看出,上面的所有这些句子既不是陈述句、疑问句,也不是祁使句,更不是感叹句。也就是说,它们不是独立的句子;也只有在附属于主句后才能获得意义如下:1)因为许多人在家里是边看电视边谈话 2)他来与不来 3)什么是货币以及怎样计量货币 4)它过去的样子5)植物性食品不同于动物性食品6)人们支持政府而交的上面的这些句子在我们中文里如同是人们常说的"半截话";在英文中也就是个"词或词组"了。

B. 我们虽然说过,从句自身的句子结构基本是完整的,但是它不同于"独立句子"的是--每个从句的最前面都好象"戴了顶帽子"即:从属关系词。由此可以看出,从句的另一个特点是:从属关系词总是立于从句之首. C. 从句的再一个特点是:一般说来(除少数倒装的情况外),从句中的语序应该是正常语序。

D. 关于从句种类的划分有两种方法:按从句的词性划分和按从句的句子功能划分。如果按从句的词性划分,从句可分为三种:名词从句、形容词从句和副词从句。

如果按从句的句子功能划分(也就是按从句在句子中所担任的成分来划分),从句可分为:主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句、同位语从句、定语从句和状语从句。其实,这两种划分从句的方法在逻辑上是一致的.我们知道,能在句子里充当主语、宾语、表语和同位语的往往是名词、代词等,所以名词从句涵盖了主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。

形容词和副词常分别在句中担当定语和状语,所以,形容词从句和副词从句其实分别是定语从句和状语从句。 名词从句名词从句在句中是一个相当于名词的主谓结构。

我们在前面说过,名词从句含盖了主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。连接这些从句与主句的关系词主要有三类: 1.从属连词:that(无有词义) , whether(是否) ,if (是否) 2.关系代词:who(谁,主格) , whom(谁,宾格),whose谁的,所有格) , what(什么),which(哪个,哪些) 3.关系副词:when(什么时候) where(什么地方)why(为什么) , how(怎样) 名词从句中的从属连词在从句里不担任任何成分,只起连接的作用;而关系代词和关系副词不仅仅是起连接的作用,而且还在从句里担任一定的成分;关系代词常在从句中担任主语、宾语或表语等成分;关系副词常在从句中担任状语。

另外,在使用上面的这些关系词时,有几个问题值得我们注意:首先,只能用whether而不能用if的情况. 1)引导主语从句,例如: Whether we'll make a loan for the project has not been decided .(正确)我们是否要为这个项目还没有定下来。 OR: It has not been decided whether we'll make a loan for the project . (正确) If we'll make a loan for the project has not been decided .(错误) OR: It has not been decided if we'll make a loan for the project . (错误) 2)作介词的宾语,例如: I have no idea about whether I can raise the money for buying a car . (正确)我不知道我是否能为买车筹措到资金。

I have no idea about if I can raise the money for buying a car . (错误) 3)后接不定式 ,例如: He didn't know whether to go all himself first or wait for her here.(正确)他不知道是他自己先去还是在这儿等她。 He didn't know if to go all himself or wait for her here . (错误) 4)后接or not ,例如: We wonder whether they'll come in time or not.(正确) 我们担心他们会不会准时到。

We wonder if they'll come in time or not . (错误)其次,what引导的名词从句表达的意思是"……所……的"。这个"所怎么的"定义根据"从句谓语的动作意义"而定。

例。

3.英语中各类从句怎么写

1.主语从句1)主语从句可直接位于主语的位置,如果从句较长,谓语又较短,可用it作形式主语,而将从句放在句末。

常见的句型有:*It is a facta pitya questiongood news that。*It seemsappearshappenedhas turned out that。

*It is clearimportantlikelypossible that。*It is saidreportedestimatedhas been proved that。

It is said that comic books create a connection between people of the same generation.It seems that the performance is very useful.2)what引导的主语从句表示“。的东西时”,一般不用it作形式主语。

What we lack is experience.3)what,who,when,why,whether等词含有各自的疑问意义,但它们引导的主语从句,都用陈述语序。How the plan is to be carried out should be discussed again.I did know why I felt like crying.2.宾语从句1)宾语从句可位于及物动词、介词和某些形容词后。

连词that常可省略。介词后一般接疑问词引导的宾语从句。

in that(因为),except that(除了),but that(只是)已构成固定搭配,其他介词后一般不接that引导的宾语从句。*I promised that I would change the situation.*All this is different from what American young people would say about friendship.*He is certain that watching so much television is not good for children.*This article is well-written except that it is a bit too long.2)宾语从句后如有宾补,要用形式宾语it来代替,而把宾语从句移至宾补之后。

He has made it clear that he would not change his mind.3)在think,believe,suppose,expect等动词后的宾语从句中,如果谓语是否定的,一般将否定词移至主句谓语上,宾语从句则变成肯定形式。He didn't think that the money was well spent.3.表语从句 表语从句出现在结构为“主语+系动词+表语从句”的句子中。

表语从句除可用that,what,when,why,whether,how等引导外,还可由because,as if(though)等引导。that常可省略。

如主句主语为reason,只能用that引导表语从句,不可用because.Perhaps the most important thing to remember is that there is no one common type of life in America.The reason why so many people died there is that there were not enough food supplies.It looks as if successful international cultural communication will make the world smaller.4.同位语从句 同位语从句用于对前面出现的名词作进一步说明,一般用连词that引导,由于先行名词的意义不同,也可用whether,who,when,where,what,why,how等引导。常见的先行名词有fact,idea,belief,news,hope,conclusion,evidence,suggestion,order,problem,report,decision.有时由于谓语较短,将同位语从句位于谓语之后。

She finally made the decision that she would join the fashion show.I had no idea how many books I could borrow at a time.The news came that their team had won the championship.5.定语从句 定语从句所修饰的先行词可以是名词或代词,也可以是一个句子。定语从句通常位于先行词之后,由关系代词或关系副词引导。

*限制性定语从句 限制性定语从句修饰先行词,对先行词起修饰作用,紧接先行词之后,无逗号,若省去,原句意思不完整。引导定语从句的关系代词有who,whom,whose,which,that等。

who,whom,whose用于指人,whose有时也可指物,相当于of which;which用于指物;that既可指人也可指物,但只用于限制性定语从句中。关系代词除了引导定语从句,替代先行词外,还在从句中担任主语、宾语、定语等。

The computers and cables which make up the Internet are owned by people and organizations.Those who live alone or who are sick may have trouble in getting close to other people.The girl whose parents died in an accident is living with her grandmother.1)当先行词是all,anything,everything,something,nothing等不定代词或先行词前有first,last,any,few,much,some,no,only以及形容词最高级修饰时,只能用关系代词that引导从句。That is all that I've heard from him.He's the first person that I'm going to interview this afternoon.2)关系代词的省略 在从句中作宾语的关系代词常可省略。

关系代词紧跟介词,作介词宾语时不可用that,只可用which或whom引导从句,并且不可省略,但当介词位于宾语从句句末时,作为介词宾语的关系代词仍可用that,也可省略。This is one of those things with which we have to put up.This is one of those things (whichthat) we have to put up with.3)引导定语从句的关系副词有when,where,why等。

关系副词在从句中作状语,意义上相当于一个“介词+which”的结构。Even in comic books where(=in which) there are no words,the stories are fully expressed through the drawings.No one knows the reason why(=for which) he was so angry that day.*非限制性定语从句 非限制性定语从句既可修饰先行词,也可修饰整个主句,起补充说明作用,与主句之间有逗号隔开,若省去,原句意思不受影响。

不可用that引导非限制性定语从句。关系词不可省略。

Every object has a gravitational pull,which is rather like magnetism.*“介词+which。

4.宾语从句怎么用,怎么写

一个句子做宾语,则该句子为宾语从句.

.连接词分几类1,宾语从句为陈述句,用that (可省略.如有两个宾语从句, 则后一个that不省.)2.为一般疑问句,用if 或whether,表示是否.前者不接不定式, 不与not连用,不做介词的宾语;后者可以.3.为特殊疑问句,用特殊疑问词when,where,why,who,what.which,how,whose,how many, how much。

宾语从句用一般陈述句语序, 即主语加谓语的顺序.

宾语从句的时态应该与主句时态一致.即主句为过去时,从句也为过去的某个时态.主句为其他时态,则从句为本身应有的时态,即不受主句时态影响. 另外,如从句表达的是客观真理,则仍用一般现在时.

5.英语从句怎么写

从句是指用于复合句中担当某个句子成分的主谓结构。

虽说从句自身的句子结构是完整的, 但是它不能视为独立的句子,因为它离开了主语就无法独立、完整地表达意思。按其所能表达的意义而言,它相当于一个词或是一个词组.例如: 1) Because they talk at home while the television is on , many people think they can talk at movies as well . (状语从句)许多人在家里是边看电视边谈话,所以他们认为在电影院也可以如此。

2) Whether he comes or not doesn't make any difference to me . (主语从句) 他来与不来对我都一样。 3)There is disagreement among economists about what money is and how money is measured(宾语从句)什么是货币以及怎样计量货币经济学家之间存有分歧。

4) China is not what it used to be . (表语从句)中国不是它过去的样子了。 5) Is there any proof that the food of plant differs from that of animals ? (同位语从句)有没有什么证据说明植物性食品不同于动物性食品? 6) Taxes consist of money that people pay to support their government . (定语从句) 税款是人们支持政府而交的钱。

如果将上面的复合句中所有的从句都独立出来,那将是这样的: 1) Because they talk at home while the television is on 2) Whether he comes or not 3) what money is and how money is measured 4) what it used to be 5) that the food of plant differs from that of animals 6) that people pay to support their government 我们很容易看出,上面的所有这些句子既不是陈述句、疑问句,也不是祁使句,更不是感叹句。也就是说,它们不是独立的句子;也只有在附属于主句后才能获得意义如下:1)因为许多人在家里是边看电视边谈话 2)他来与不来 3)什么是货币以及怎样计量货币 4)它过去的样子5)植物性食品不同于动物性食品6)人们支持政府而交的上面的这些句子在我们中文里如同是人们常说的"半截话";在英文中也就是个"词或词组"了。

B. 我们虽然说过,从句自身的句子结构基本是完整的,但是它不同于"独立句子"的是--每个从句的最前面都好象"戴了顶帽子"即:从属关系词。由此可以看出,从句的另一个特点是:从属关系词总是立于从句之首. C. 从句的再一个特点是:一般说来(除少数倒装的情况外),从句中的语序应该是正常语序。

D. 关于从句种类的划分有两种方法:按从句的词性划分和按从句的句子功能划分。如果按从句的词性划分,从句可分为三种:名词从句、形容词从句和副词从句。

如果按从句的句子功能划分(也就是按从句在句子中所担任的成分来划分),从句可分为:主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句、同位语从句、定语从句和状语从句。其实,这两种划分从句的方法在逻辑上是一致的.我们知道,能在句子里充当主语、宾语、表语和同位语的往往是名词、代词等,所以名词从句涵盖了主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。

形容词和副词常分别在句中担当定语和状语,所以,形容词从句和副词从句其实分别是定语从句和状语从句。 名词从句名词从句在句中是一个相当于名词的主谓结构。

我们在前面说过,名词从句含盖了主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。连接这些从句与主句的关系词主要有三类: 1.从属连词:that(无有词义) , whether(是否) ,if (是否) 2.关系代词:who(谁,主格) , whom(谁,宾格),whose谁的,所有格) , what(什么),which(哪个,哪些) 3.关系副词:when(什么时候) where(什么地方)why(为什么) , how(怎样) 名词从句中的从属连词在从句里不担任任何成分,只起连接的作用;而关系代词和关系副词不仅仅是起连接的作用,而且还在从句里担任一定的成分;关系代词常在从句中担任主语、宾语或表语等成分;关系副词常在从句中担任状语。

另外,在使用上面的这些关系词时,有几个问题值得我们注意:首先,只能用whether而不能用if的情况. 1)引导主语从句,例如: Whether we'll make a loan for the project has not been decided .(正确)我们是否要为这个项目还没有定下来。 OR: It has not been decided whether we'll make a loan for the project . (正确) If we'll make a loan for the project has not been decided .(错误) OR: It has not been decided if we'll make a loan for the project . (错误) 2)作介词的宾语,例如: I have no idea about whether I can raise the money for buying a car . (正确)我不知道我是否能为买车筹措到资金。

I have no idea about if I can raise the money for buying a car . (错误) 3)后接不定式 ,例如: He didn't know whether to go all himself first or wait for her here.(正确)他不知道是他自己先去还是在这儿等她。 He didn't know if to go all himself or wait for her here . (错误) 4)后接or not ,例如: We wonder whether they'll come in time or not.(正确) 我们担心他们会不会准时到。

We wonder if they'll come in time or not . (错误)其次,what引导的名词从句表达的意思是"……所……的"。这个"所怎么的"定义根据"从句谓语的动作意义"而定。

例如: I don't understand what you said.我不理解你所说的话。 What he needs is to practice more.他所。

6.英语怎么写从句,what,which 词都怎么用

英语的学习不是一朝一夕的,是需要长时间的积累过程,单词,语法,听力,这些是最基本的,不过最主要的是口语的练习,多听多练是最有效的,最好是可以经常和外国人交流,进行语言的交换,文化的交流也是可以提升外语的。

做对外汉语教师也是一种学习外语的方式,但是要持有一定的教学技术才可以任职。现在都是中国人力资源和社会保障部国家职业对外汉语教师资格证书以及国际认证协会国际注册汉语教师资格证书以及国家汉办认证同考的,其中中国人力资源和社会保障部国家职业对外汉语教师资格证书是由人力资源和社会保障部中国就业培训技术指导中心认证并授权我们颁发,是国家级一类证书、人力资源社会保障部唯一合法的职业资格证书。

适用于大学生的上岗证明,适用于国内在职人员的职称评定和职业评 估以及海外输出的技术加分,封皮带有烫金国徽,具有防伪功能。

7.如何写定语从句

定语从句就是说以一个从句做定语。(ps,定语就是修饰名词或代词的词,一般来说是形容词做定语,也可以用一个从句)

然后做题你就看被修饰的名词或代词是什么

This is the muzeum_____ we visited yesterday.

这道题中从句修饰的是museum,是一个地点,故用where

The lady_____was here just now a nurse.

这里修饰的是lady,是人物,故用who

She likes the room_____window faces to the south.

这里room是有指向性的,有朝南的窗子是定语,带有挑选的含义,故用which

I still remember the night____I had a wonderful dinner with you.

这里修饰的night是某个时间,故用when

以此类推哦~whose就是带有某人的意思,前面被修饰的名字肯定有归属性

如I'm afraid of the man ______dog is violent.

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